What Are the Most Common Industrial Applications of Water Pumps?

Water pumps play an important role in different industrial applications. They are liable for effective and efficient water movement for a variety of applications, making them important components of modern infrastructures.

Understanding Water Pumps

Water pumps are important devices that we use across different industries to transfer water by changing mechanical energy into hydraulic force. They are specifically made to deal with water only, making them suitable for industrial cooling units, municipal supply of water, and irrigation, to name a few. By visiting garpen.com.au, you can choose either of the following types:

  • Jet pumps – They work under the fluid entrainment principle. These pumps often use a jet of very high-pressure water to form a vacuum, which draws in the required amount of liquid. You will mostly see them in irrigation, a household water system, and well water supply.
  • Multistage pumps – These types comprise multiple impellers that are in series to allow them to generate high pressure. This makes them ideal for applications, which require a high-pressure supply of water, like a high-rise building distribution of water, reverse osmosis, and a boiler feed system.
  • Submersible pumps – These are made to immerse in the water. They are efficient and may handle a large volume of water. Submersible pumps are mostly used in various applications, including underwater mining operations, drainage, sewage systems, and groundwater extraction.
  • Centrifugal pumps – Because of their versatility, efficiency, and simplicity, you will see them in different industrial settings. They often work by simply converting rotational force into hydrodynamic energy. This in in turn creates centrifugal energy, which helps to move water. They are suitable for every application that requires a high flow rate and low-medium pressure; thus, making them suitable for generating transfer operations, irrigation, and supply of water.

Why Use Water Pumps

Water pumps set the standard when it comes to sustainability, reliability, efficiency, and innovation. Their new generations bring greater reliability, ease of maintenance/use, and efficiency to more applications. Thanks to their capability of dealing with over 1,000 feet of head and 1,000 GPM, they can handle intensive tasks, such as temperature control, water transfer, reverse osmosis, and pressure boosting.

Choosing the Right Water Pump

Every water pump type has its own applications and working principles. Like water containers, understanding the capabilities and traits of each is important for choosing the right one for specific applications. When choosing the right pump, consider the following factors:

  • Flow demands – Various mechanisms of pumps control the pressure of water. Elevation, friction, and the kinetic energy’s buildup change the pressure levels of water to meet the needs of the applications. This is why it is crucial to choose a pump depending on the pressuring mechanisms, pump submersion, the intended application, and the expected elevation.
  • Power availability and demands – A pump with a high horsepower level, which should tightly control the fluid pressure requires access to reliable and proper power sources. Some pumps in gas-powered and electrical varieties are used in mobile and mounted environments, like construction sites and agricultural settings. Along with the source of power, choose a pump depending on the current or voltage constraints.
  • Construction materials – Choose a pump depending on the capability of the material to withstand the surrounding environment’s water pressure. Common materials mostly used include stainless steel, cast iron, and bronze.


There are many industrial applications of water pumps. Some of the most common applications of these types of pumps include the following:

1.      Water Treatment

Centrifugal pumps often play a crucial role in the treatment of water. They carry treated water from the source to where they are required. In addition, they help to create a perfect pressure balance, especially if you are dealing with an irregular flow of water. From marine industries to wastewater treatment plants, these types of pumps provide increased energy efficiency and flow rates. Because of their design and heavy-duty construction, they work perfectly well for continuous processes over a long period. Moreover, they are capable of handling any abrasive particles without getting wear & tear, making them a suitable option for businesses that want a dependable yet low-maintenance solution for treating water.

2.      Agricultural Sector

Similar to water containers, water pumps play an important role in the agricultural sector because they are necessary for both livestock and food farming. We use a water pump to irrigate our crops more efficiently and move water from a dam or river to farmlands. In addition, farmers use them to pump liquid-based fertilizers from a supply tank to a dispensing tank, not to mention, provide water to drink for our livestock.

3.      Power Plants

Since centrifugal pumps are capable of handling a large volume of water and work at high pressure, they are suitable for powering plants. They circulate water in cooling systems, lubricating oil, and even pump water from condensers to boilers, not to mention, that we can use them as firefighting pumps. A popular centrifugal pump often used in a power plant is a radial flow pump. This type of pump is not just efficient. It may operate at a high pressure, too. But it is not suitable for use in a low-pressure system. You will need another kind of centrifugal water pump to power plants, like a mixed flow pump, which is less efficient and operates at low pressure. Generally, we use centrifugal pumps to power plants simply because they are versatile, efficient, and dependable.

4.      Mining Industry

Thanks to their resistance to wear & tear and capability of withstanding heavy loads, centrifugal pumps are helpful in the mining sector. Their powerful nature makes them the go-to tools for different tasks in the field like drilling slurries/mud and dewatering flooded shafts/pits. Moreover, by using enough priming systems, you can use centrifugal pumps to suck up slurries from the river. Compared to other kinds, centrifugal pumps are inexpensive and require little maintenance. Their versatility, too, makes them invaluable tools for mining processes.

In conclusion, water pumps are important equipment that we use in various industrial processes, which depend on water transfers. Different types of water pumps, including submersible and centrifugal, are made to handle very specific applications as well as meet various requirements of pumping in industries, like mining, agriculture, and water treatment.